Effects of a physical exercise program in workers with sedentary occupations on anthropometric measures, physical condition and productivity cost according to gender

  1. Jiménez Díaz-Benito, V. 1
  2. Zafra Díaz, S. 1
  3. Santacruz Lozano, J.A. 1
  4. Clemente Remón, A.L. 1
  5. Espada Mateos, M. 1
  6. Martín Rodríguez, M. 1
  7. Jiménez-Beatty, J.E. 1
  8. Barriopedro Moro, M.I. 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Alcalá
    info

    Universidad de Alcalá

    Alcalá de Henares, España

    ROR https://ror.org/04pmn0e78

Proceedings:
27th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science

Publisher: European College of Sport Science

Year of publication: 2022

Congress: 27th ECSS Anniversary Congress. Sevilla, 30.08 – 02.09.2022

Type: Conference Poster

Abstract

To assess the effect of a supervised physical exercise intervention in the workplace on anthropometric measures, physicalcondition and productivity costs in physically inactive workers according to gender.Methods: A pre-experimental study was conducted in office workers with sedentary occupations. Recruited participants underwent aphysical exercise intervention (n = 75; mean age 43 ± 8 years). An intragroup analysis was carried out according to the gender of thesubjects on anthropometric measures, physical condition and productivity costs.Results: After the intervention, the men presented a significant decrease in their weight (p = 0.001; ?2 = 0.24), and improvements inbalance (p = 0.009; ?2 = 1.71) and flexibility in the back (p = 0.011; ?2 = 0.46). Women had a reduction in weight (p = 0.003; ?2 =0.22), BMI (p = 0.004; ?2 = 0.26), as well as improvements in cardiac recovery (p = 0.018; ?2 = 0.18). They also showed a significantincrease in their scores in pectoral and triceps strength (p = 0.006; ?2 = 0.24). No differences in productivity costs were observedaccording to gender after the intervention (p > 0.05).Conclusions: The 20-week supervised aerobic and strength physical exercise program with 3 weekly alternate-day training sessionscould be effective in improving physical fitness in men and women, although no improvements in productivity costs were observed.