Alimentos transgénicos y seguridad alimentaria ¿son la solución contra el hambre y la desnutrición en los países en desarrollo?

  1. María Luisa García Fernández 1
  2. Teresa Hernández García 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Alcalá (Alcalá de Henares)
Journal:
RIECS: Revista de Investigación y Educación en Ciencias de la Salud

ISSN: 2530-2787

Year of publication: 2023

Volume: 8

Issue: 1

Pages: 105-112

Type: Article

More publications in: RIECS: Revista de Investigación y Educación en Ciencias de la Salud

Abstract

Food security is linked to a wide range of aspects such as: demographic growth, food production, socioeconomic factors, climate, and political situation. Food security in developing countries can only be achieved once its four dimensions are addressed: physical and economic access, food innocuousness and quality, availability, and time stability. Food insecurity can lead to malnutrition, which is a condition in which the body does not receive enough energy or nutrients, macro or micronutrients, to maintain proper health and functioning. It is a major public health issue that affects millions of people worldwide, including children, adults, and seniors. They are responsible for premature deaths in mothers and infants and negatively impacts physical, mental development and intellectual capacity.The aim of this revision is to analyze the capability of genetically modified crops to overcome undernourishment and food insecurity in developing countries. In conclusion, Genetically Modified Food guarantees three out of the four dimensions of food safety. These foods are able improve the nutritional quality of food while increasing crops yield and incrementing the overall production without negatively impacting the environment. However, to achieve global and timeless food security it is necessary to combine several strategies, among them, biotechnology, conventional methods and organic agriculture, being the main priority the implantation of sociopolitical measures that favor the reduction or eradication of socioeconomic inequalities.

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